Information is the building block for effective communication. Communication is the universal currency that knits us together and drives our day-to-day operations. Computer networking is a favorite among many businesses.

You’re probably thinking about how important is networking? This mainstream technology has proven to be an effective means to enhance proficient, flexible, and streamlined communication while maximizing on productivity and resources.

What is computer networking?

According to managed it services Toronto provider PCM Canada, Computer networking is a pool of integrated computers configured to one another. Computer networks or data networks are chains of nodes linked by communication channels. The nodes receive, transmit and exchange data between endpoints. The data transmitted is in the form of voice or video traffic.

How do you network two computers? Wired Ethernet cables or wireless radio waves connect the computers. This blend of technologies relies on defined algorithms to transmit data between specified endpoints. The endpoints include computer servers, mobile devices, and tablets among others.

Computer networking enhances seamless communication, cohesive functioning, and resource sharing.


Types of computer networks

There are several types of computer networks. The critical difference lies in the geographical areas they serve and their core purpose. These include:

Personal Area Networks (PAN)

Personal Area Networks are interconnected technology devices that serve a single individual within one facility. PAN is accessible within a distance of 10 meters and is a suitable option for small offices or residences. PAN-enabled devices include telephones, computers, video game consoles, and peripheral devices. PAN provides maximum flexibility. You can upload pictures or stream music and videos online to your device.

Local Area Network (LAN)

LANs are limited to a single building like an official establishment. LAN covers a defined area. LAN is essential for resource sharing including file servers, printers and data storage. LAN hardware such as ethernet cables and hubs are affordable to acquire and maintain.

Small LANs manage 2 or 3 computers while large LANs host thousands of servers. Internet connectivity can either be wired or wireless. LAN is popular with many establishments due to its high speed and low set up costs.

Metropolitan Area Networks (MAN)

MAN covers a distinctly larger are than LAN. MAN consists of configured computers covering a town, city or campus. Depending on the connection, MAN can connect a single area or traverse several miles. MAN is a series of several LANs linked to create a greater network, also known as Campus Area Network (CAN) or Campus Networks.

Wide Area Networks (WAN)

WAN covers a larger geographical area than MAN. The network connects a country or even continents. And the computers are interlinked by cables, optical fibers or satellites. Most users can access the network via modems. WANs consist of smaller several networks of LANs and MANs. The internet which consists of networks and gateways is an example of a public WAN.

Home Area Network (HAN)

HAN is a computer network limited to a defined boundary like a house or home office. HAN is a type of IP based LAN which can be either wired or wireless. HAN is a broadband connection available to several users using a wired or wireless modem. It consists of shared devices like faxes, printers, scanners or data storages.

Importance of computer networking

There are several reasons why networking is essential to a business, institution or individual. These benefits include:

Cut back on costs

Why are networks important? You can cut back on costs and allow for efficient use of resources. Hardware is the priciest resource in technology. Computer networks reduce your hardware costs significantly.
Since the computers are interconnected, resource pooling is efficient. Printers, copiers and backup storages are shared among employees. This eliminates the need to buy single IT assets for each employee. Unlike traditional desktops, you don’t need frequent software installations. You only need to install updates and track performance.

Boost storage capacity and volume

Computer networks pools their entire data to a central data storage server. This data is accessible to your employees. You can use the data to gain insights on how to boost your company’s productivity. With a central server, you lower the number of storage servers needed. And you increase the efficiency of operations.

Optimize convenience and flexibility

Computer networks enable flexible operations. The data is not stored in a local server making it accessible with internet connectivity. You can access your data from any device. This enhances free movement while accessing your data wherever you may be.

Streamline communication

Computer networking is a massive boon to the communication landscape. Networking allows you to send and receive text messages and files in real time. Information is available and easy to access from any device. You only need a reliable internet connection. Even if your device shuts down, you log in from a different device and access your data.

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Article Provided By: Digital Divide Council